Paper title: Crime Prediction and Socio-Demographic Factors: A Comparative Study of Machine Learning Regression-Based Algorithms
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4316/JACSM.201901002
Published in: Issue 1, (Vol. 13) / 2019Download
Publishing date: 2019-04-16
Pages: 13-18
Author(s): GONZALEZ Joana J., LEBOULLUEC Aera
Abstract. Abstract–Machine learning and data mining have been used for numerous society enrichment purposes, one of them being the prediction of crime. Detecting crime can aid in preventing crime, which can lead to offering people a better quality of life. In this research SAS (Statistical Analysis System) and Python are utilized to identify and study crime patterns based on social demographics, including per capita income and education level, using the dataset titled Communities and Crime supplied by the University of California Irvine Machine Learning Repository. Four machine learning algorithms were implemented to the dataset: Multiple Linear Regression, Random Forest Regression, Neural Network Regression, and Bayesian Regression, with Random Forest having the highest performance (R2=0.791). The objective of this study is to perform a comparative examination of the machine learning algorithms and to seek an effective model to predict the total number of violent crimes
Keywords: Bayesian Regression, Linear Regression, Machine Learning, Neural Network, Predictive Crime, Random Forest, Regression
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